For the first time since 1921, urban India has added more numbers to its population in a decade than rural India. As the country continues on its path of modernization, the percentage of urban population will continue to rise over the rural population. This poses unique challenges to the country which needs to be tackled carefully and immediately.
The reasons for this increase in urbanization are many. For one, people are migrating in large numbers to urban areas, this could be either due to increase in opportunities available in urban areas or it could be due to distress migration in which rural people migrate to cities for lack of opportunities in rural areas and drying up of farm income.